January 30, 2023

Washington – Bomb decision by the US Supreme Court for She flipped her 1973 landmark book Roe v. Wade The ruling on abortion rights reversed 50 years of precedent and gave state lawmakers across the country the power to restrict or ban miscarriageThe result will be a mixture of laws that differ depending on where a person lives.

Thirteen countries have a so-called Trigger laws In the books, abortion will be quickly banned in most cases. In its June 24 ruling, the court upheld A Mississippi law Preventing miscarriage after 15 weeks of pregnancy.

Justice Samuel Alito wrote in the majority opinion, “Roe was blatantly wrong from the start… It is time to pay attention to the Constitution and to return the issue of abortion to the people’s elected representatives.” Roe held that the Constitution protects a woman’s right to have an abortion before the fetus becomes viable outside the womb, usually at about 24 weeks of gestation.

A number of Republican-led states have already passed laws banning abortion at various stages of pregnancy. Meanwhile, Democratic-led states have worked to protect abortion rights. And action was taken at the state level on the issue of abortion not only in state legislatures across the country, but also in their own courts.

that Analysis by the Guttmacher Institutea research organization that supports abortion rights, found that 23 states had registered laws that, as of May 1, could be used to restrict abortion rights in Roe’s absence.

On August 5, Indiana became the first state Legislation of new restrictions on abortion In the wake of Rue’s decision. State legislators have passed and the governor has signed a near-total ban on abortion, with exceptions in cases of rape and incest and the protection of the mother’s life and physical health.

Here is the position of states in other countries on access to abortion:

States with “trigger” laws

Thirteen states have so-called “operating” laws that would restrict abortion with RO abolition: Arkansas, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming. Some state laws will take effect immediately after a decision by the Supreme Court, while others will take effect after 30 days.

In many cases, the ban takes effect once a state attorney general or other official certifies that the Supreme Court’s decision overturns Roe, but it can happen quickly after the court’s decision.

Missouri Attorney General, Eric S. Schmidt, give an opinion Within minutes he says his state’s ban is now in effect, prohibiting abortion except in cases of medical emergency, with no exceptions for rape or incest. “In the attorney general’s opinion, my office effectively ended abortion in Missouri, becoming the first state in the country to do so following the court’s decision,” Schmidt said. statement.

Nebraska lawmakers tried to pass a firing ban this year, but failed in the Senate in April.

Countries with a 6-week ban

Anti-abortion rights advocates are pressing states to enact legislation to ban the procedure once a fetal heartbeat is detected, around six weeks into pregnancy. Eleven states did this, though initially banning nearly all actions: Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.

Texas law entered into force when the Supreme Court last year refused to stop him than to be imposed. The measure has a new enforcement mechanism that mandates private citizens, not state officials, to enforce it by filing lawsuits in state court against anyone who performs an abortion or “aids or abets them.” His design has inspired bills in other Republican-led states that mirror the Texas scale.

Countries with a 15-week ban

In Florida, a 15-week ban was signed into law in April, and will go into effect on July 1.

Louisiana’s 15-week measure was signed into law in 2018 by Democratic Governor John Bel Edwards, though it will only become effective if a Mississippi law is upheld.

In Kentucky, the state legislature Overriding Governor Andy Beshear’s veto of a bill banning abortion after 15 weeks of gestation last month. But a US district court granted Planned Parenthood’s request for a temporary restraining order, preventing the law from going into effect.

Countries with a 20-week ban

Four states have laws on the books that prohibit abortion after 20 weeks: Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, and North Carolina.

In Montana, Republican Governor Greg Gianforte signed a law banning abortion after 20 weeks last year, but a state court judge blocked that measure and two other abortion laws from operating in October.

Countries that have prohibited abortion since before the history of Roe v. Wade

In addition to having newer laws on the books that place limits on when abortions can be performed during pregnancy, nine states have laws enacted prior to the 1973 Roe decision that were never removed.

These states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Michigan, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

In Michigan, though, Governor Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat, File a preemptive lawsuit 13 county attorneys general with abortion clinics in their jurisdictions in an effort to circumvent the pre-Roe 1931 abortion ban imposed by the state.

Countries that have the right to abortion enshrined in their constitutions

The highest courts in nine states have recognized the right to abortion under their respective constitutions, according to reproductive rights center. The state’s constitutional protections ensure that abortion will remain legal even without Roe.

Some of these states, such as Florida, have passed laws restricting access, while others, such as Montana, have temporarily banned abortions.

The nine states are Alaska, California, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, and New Jersey.

Iowa was on that list, but the state Supreme Court Judgment in June That the right to abortion is not protected by the state’s constitution, reflecting a decision made by the court just four years ago. The Iowa legislature and the Republican-controlled governor have indicated they will move to further restrict access to abortion.

In Kansas, an amendment that would have allowed abortion to be regulated before voters went into August, but he was defeated, while leaving the protection of the state as it is. Michigan pro-abortion groups also launched a ballot to enshrine the right to abortion in the state constitution.

Countries with laws protecting the right to abortion

While many Republican-led states have passed laws restricting access to abortion, Democratic-led states have moved to preserve abortion rights. 16 states and the District of Columbia have taken such steps: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.

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